The Princess (1911) by
Howard Chandler Christy (1873-1952). Christy was an American artist
and illustrator famous for the "Christy Girl", he published
published in Scribner's and Harper's magazines and in Collier's
Brenn and His Share of
the Spoils (1893) by the French painter Paul Jamin (1853-1903). Jamin
depicts here the Gallic chieftain who sacked Rome probably in 387 BC
in the popular manner of an Orientalistic harem painting. So it's in
the end more the modern French going to a luxury brothel.
They Fell into
Captivity (1885) by the Russian painter Bogdan Pavlovich Willewalde
(1819-1903). Some French prisoners of Napoleon's terrific Grande
Armée are conducted by a single Cossack. The painter contrasts the
superb French uniforms with the simple outfit of the Cossack.
(1895) by the French painter James Jacques Joseph Tissot (1836-
1902). Tissot was famous as a painterr of elegantly dressed women
shown in scenes of fashionable life. Here he painted two really
fashionable Neolithic girls.
Black Prince at the
battle of Crecy by the British painter Julian Russell Story
(1857-1919). After the battle the victorious English prince is
contemplating the body of the dead King John of Bohemia. It should be
mentioned that Edward Prince of Wales the eldest son of King Edward
III of England was never called “Black” in his lifetime. It's an
attribution of the 16th century. But anyway he looks nice so deadly
black with the crows in the back.
morituri te salutant" (1859) by the French painter Jean-Léon
Gérôme (1824-1904). Gérôme loved the spectacular death in the
arena and painted it normally with the perspective from inside out.
The Obsequies of an
Egyptian Cat (1886) by the British painter John Reinhard Weguelin
(1849-1927). A priestess kneels before an altar upon which is placed
the mummy of a cat. She is burning incense, and has presented
offerings of flowers and food to the cat's spirit, together with a
plate of milk. On the wall behind the priestess is an Egyptian
fresco, and a statue of the goddess Sekhmet or Bastet enthroned
guards the entrance to the temple.
Les Corsaires 1806 by
the French military painter Maurice Orange (1867-1916). A French
privateer has captured a British ship. Now the men are returning in
triumph with their prisoners, the conquered ship, the flag and rich
History painting dates back to the Renaissance and was long considered to be the "grand genre". Nevertheless it has its peak in the 19th century forged by Neoclassicism and Romanticism. There it became the artistic contribution in the process of the construction of National Identities of the European and American nations.
At the same time history painting under the influence of historism pretended to be "realistic", to show history how it has been. Above all it was this pretension that led to the great failure of History painting AND Realism at the end of the century.
When artists and their public realized that telling history always will be subjective and a painting will always be an illusion Realism and history painting lost their ground to modern painting.